how to write log in magento 2

It always happens that we want to see some data in Magento 2 and also don’t want to print it on the website. For this instance we write in log files. So, let’s figure out how to print or write log in Magento 2. Do you know, Magento 2 provides Logger class at MAGENTO_ROOT/vendor/monolog/monolog/src/Monolog/Logger.php.

We are going to use this class in our custom module file. Let’s see how

Print the custom log in your module

In the code below we are going to log our custom data in the log files using Magento 2 logger class. Here you will see type of logs as info, alert, notice, critical, error, and debug log. To see the debug log you need to go to var/log folder and select debug.log file, rest all are achieved in system.log file.

<?php
namespace WebArchers\HelloWorld\Post;
class Post extends \Magento\Framework\View\Element\Template
{
        protected $_logger;
 
    public function __construct(
        \Magento\Backend\Block\Template\Context $context,
        \Psr\Log\LoggerInterface $logger,
        array $data = []
    )
    {        
        $this->_logger = $logger;
        parent::__construct($context, $data);
    }
    
    public function testLogging() 
    {    
        // monolog's Logger class
        // MAGENTO_ROOT/vendor/monolog/monolog/src/Monolog/Logger.php
        
        // saved in var/log/debug.log
        $this->_logger->debug('debug1234'); 
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:48:44] main.DEBUG: debug1234 {"is_exception":false} []
        
        $this->_logger->info('info1234'); 
        // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.INFO: info1234 [] []
        
        $this->_logger->alert('alert1234'); 
        // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.ALERT: alert1234 [] []
        
        $this->_logger->notice('notice1234'); 
        // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.NOTICE: notice1234 [] []
        
        // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        $this->_logger->error('error1234'); 
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.ERROR: error1234 [] []
        
         // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        $this->_logger->critical('critical1234'); 
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.CRITICAL: critical1234 [] []
        
        // Adds a log record at an arbitrary level
        $level = 'DEBUG';
        // saved in var/log/debug.log
        $this->_logger->log($level,'debuglog1234', array('msg'=>'123', 'new' => '456')); 
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.DEBUG: debuglog1234 {"msg":"123","new":"456","is_exception":false} []
        
        // Write to default log file: var/log/system.log
        $level = 'ERROR';
        $this->_logger->log($level,'errorlog1234', array( array('test1'=>'123', 'test2' => '456'), array('a'=>'b') )); 
        //Output: [2017-02-22 04:52:56] main.ERROR: errorlog1234 [{"test1":"123","test2":"456"},{"a":"b"}] []        
        
    }
    
}
?>

You need to flush the cache to see the result. You can do this by this command php bin/magento cache:flush

or go to System>>Cache  Management and flush the cache from here.